Suggested Background Reading
Cleveland was at one time the city with the second largest population of Hungarians in the world (after Budapest).
The recommended source for Hungarian immigration history especialy for Cleveland &NE Ohio is the book entitled Hungarian Americans and Their Communities of Cleveland by Susan M. Papp, with an Introduction by Joe Esterhas. This history of the Cleveland Hungarian community outlines within a historical context how and why Cleveland became such a large Hungarian center and the nature of the ethnocultural community which existed and still exists.
This study is the first comprehensive history of this community in Cleveland. The 1981 print edition from the Cleveland Ethnic Heritage Studies series by Cleveland State University is available for purchase in the Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Museum Gift Shoppe.
You can also read the entire work ” on line” as part of the special collections of the Cleveland State University Library entitled “The Cleveland Memory Project.”
Links & further readings:
U of Minnesota Immigration Histry Research History Center, Hungarians
Ties that Bind, Ties that Divide. 100 Years of Hungarian Experience in the United States, book by Julianna Puskás
Hungarian Immigration & Culture
Vasváry Collection on Hungarian Immigration History at Rutgers U Library
Birmingham Project (Toledo, OH), see Ch 4: Chapter IV: Paving the Road from Magyarland to Birmingham—Factors Contributing to Migration
Hungarian Catholics In America
The First Hungarians in N. America [and afterwards]
Hungarian Immigrants in the Chicago area
Embassy of Hungary – Visa and Immigration Information
Immigration back to Hungary [selected legal issues]
Immigrants and the erection of the Kossuth statue in Cleveland
Ohio Historical Society – “Hungarian Immigrants”
Observations on S.B. Várdy’s Hungarians of the New World by Nándor Dreisziger
Hungarians in Canada
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